Disclaimer: while this piece refers to various conservation organisations and structures, I apologise in advance to my many friends and colleagues over the years who have worked hard within impossible structures to do their best. This rant is not aimed at you and especially not to those who are hanging on in there fighting away. I salute you all!
My entire life has been one of failure. I have been involved in conservation all my life. Starting as a birdwatcher I quickly realised the plight of much of Nature and joined various conservation organisations. I went on my first protest march aged 12, and have been in many direct actions and was arrested before it was fashionable. I have also been an active fieldworker and monitored the decline of many species, with no action being taken on my reports and papers. But one only has to look at the multitude of reports showing how we are losing Nature to the edge of extinction across the planet to realise my work has contributed zilch. So now I’ve had enough. I am suffering from ecological grief. As Aldo Leopold says, as I have an ecological education I am “living alone in a damaged world”.
A cliff edge life
In my 40 years as a professional conservationist I have worked as a scientist surveying Nature and helping catalogue the disastrous declines in species and habitats as well as working on policy trying to turn around government inaction. None of this has worked. Despite increased knowledge of the plight of Nature and much better legislation nothing has changed. Survey results are ignored, legislation is not implemented. It has been a bit like my hobby of mountaineering – you think you are approaching the summit but there is always another cliff to conquer in front of you.
During my time nature conservation and environmental organisations have grown enormously. The Wales office of RSPB had around 5 staff when I first worked for them. They now have two offices in Wales (not counting reserves) with dozens of staff and I do not think they are achieving any more. I’m not picking them out in particular (when did you last hear much from Greenpeace or Friend of the Earth) but as all organisations have grown they have become far more corporate and therefore increasingly inflexible. Rather than being light-footed, prioritising and improvising, typical excuses for inaction are ‘No – we can’t do that, it’s not in the work plan’ or ‘I’ll have to take this to Senior management’. Everything now requires huge proposals or policy statements which are passed round and endlessly edited meaning we are all drowning in email and agonising about text, not about what occurs on the ground. I think supporters of most large conservation organisations should ask for their money back as these bodies are not delivering the product they are selling.
A world of professional word dust
As ‘conservation’ became mainstream we have been drawn into the system. We are now regularly consulted on policy from government but our responses are never listened to – they just tie up vast amounts of staff time on all sides that could actually go out and achieve something if they were allowed. The ‘conservation’ organisations are almost as bad with internal consultations and vast amounts of documents tying up in-boxes and time through groups such as the Wildlife Links. Government documents are increasingly overlong and full of complete tosh and indulge so much staff time they lead to death by consultation (which they are probably designed to do) . Many of these are increasingly written by people with no field experience of what Nature actually looks like or how ecosystems might work. Over the years I have responded to hundreds of government consultations. At the end of the day the policy emerges almost completely unchanged – no responses from myself or my colleagues in other organisations are given any weight. I’m still waiting for the day when I get a response that says “You were right Mick – we hadn’t thought of that so will rip up the policy and start again” – it just doesn’t happen. Consultations are a sham that just clog the system and the workforce. We should ignore them, be realistic and demand the impossible every time!
Conservation organisations should give up wasting time on responding to such consultations (which are full of weasel words) and instead work on insisting on implementation of existing legislation (which various reviews have shown is not that bad!) I have been involved with taking several successful complaints to Europe forcing government to take their legal duties seriously. Small groups like Client Earth and the even smaller Natural Justice have achieved more in their relatively short lives than the bloated corporate groups. Sod wasting time on a meaningless consultation. Take the buggers to Court and force them to apply their own laws.
Time to revolt in numbers?
Why do the Conservation giants not flex their muscles? Collectively they have far more members than all the political parties put together and represent a far wider proportion of society than the landowning and farming lobbies. Yet the latter seem to hold sway in any policy implementation with the conservation bodies seemingly happy to go along with feeble ‘agri-environment’ schemes (where the emphasis is always on the ‘Agri’) rather than get their members out on the streets calling for a halt to the continuing destruction of our ecosystems. Why doesn’t the RSPB or National Trust use their membership more to demand actual action from our politicians? To me they seem to feed their members saccharine drivel in their magazines rather than having the call to arms that should be there. We have the largest NGOs in Europe but have suffered the largest losses of Nature across the continent.
Muddling through with bureaucrats
As the extinction crisis escalates most funding for monitoring has been lost. This means that we are making decisions on priorities in the dark. I recently was involved with a meeting with Natural Resources Wales (NRW), discussing its forthcoming State of Natural Resources Report which it is legally obliged to produce. I asked how it was going to be able to produce such a report given that the agency had pulled nearly all the funding from monitoring projects. The reply was that it will have to rely on the ‘best available evidence’ – i.e make a guess. This is totally unacceptable but indicative of the new ‘conservation’ regime that is led by bureaucrats not ecologists.
Outdated and failing conservation measures?
There is also a complete lack of ambition in ‘conservation’. We suffer from the shifting baseline syndrome and are only looking to freeze things as they are now, not restore Nature to any higher levels. Research on Skomer Island, off the Pembrokeshire Coast, has shown that since 1972 the population on Guillemots has increased from 2000 to 25000. Job done, so that NRW pulled the funding for monitoring. However, the scientist involved, who had been working there since 1972, showed that in the 1930s the population was around 100,000 so we are only a quarter of the way to recovery, yet NRW seems to think this is sufficient and there is no need for any ambition to continue the recovery or the monitoring to inform this.
I’ve recently been invited to be involved in a review of Special Protection Areas in Wales to see if they are sufficient to protect a very limited range of birds. Given that there is widespread evidence that such designations do not bestow protection what is the point? Protected areas work takes up lots of staff time and are so restricted to ‘features’ (individual species and habitats) that they are not ecologically sound. We are still tied up with a fixation on ‘protected areas’ – SSSIs were originally designed to protect the best bits within a wider countryside that was still reasonably rich in Nature. Since then they have become islands in deserts. They have not been fit for purpose for a long time and as John Lawton said in his seminal report Making Space for Nature in 2010 they need to be More, Bigger Better and Joined up.
This has not happened.
Break free to rewilding
Rewilding to my mind is the way forward – the full ecological restoration of large areas to functioning ecosystems. The concept is mired in difficulties of definition, and outright hostility from farming organisations but I personally think this wilder, more holistic approach, is the only way we can start to restore our critically diminished Nature. However, it seems impossible to get the large ‘conservation’ corporations to buy into some sort of agreement to pursue this at a wide scale, and they are still too wedded to management plans and control of their land to think about letting go and let Nature decide the future.
Perhaps there are some glimmers of hope on the horizon. Rewilding is firmly established on the agenda and is being promoted for many reasons, including as a tool in flood control and carbon sequestration as well as restoring Nature. Some schemes, such as the ‘Cairngorms Connect’ project are looking hopeful, and involve the large ‘Conservation’ bodies including government bodies. I have found there is a new breed of naturalists coming through. After skipping a generation or two I have found that there are many good young naturalists re-finding old skills we once took for granted in Conservation. Meanwhile the direct action impact of Extinction Rebellion (XR) certainly had an effect in Wales last year – the Cardigan Bay Special Area of Conservation was threatened with a seismic survey, but this was quickly abandoned after MPs and Welsh Assembly Members were influenced by the presence of XR. However, I am not convinced we are moving quick enough to stop continuing losses of species and habitats across the UK.
My new choices – the right bodies and the right battles
Despite the title of this piece I can’t quit trying to stop the catastrophic loss of Nature. I’m just leaving ‘conservation’ and all the baggage it brings with it. I will continue to work with smaller organisations that are less bureaucratic, such as Whale and Dolphin Conservation, that I’m involved with, and in campaigning directly as an individual. I will continue to support people like Wild Justice and Client Earth to make sure we hold the Government to account. I will not be engaging in traditional ‘conservation’ such as responding to worthless government consultations or looking at prescriptive management of our environment, focussing on a small range of species and habitats that have no scientific or ecological justification to be divorced from the rest of Nature. I will continue to promote the Rewilding agenda.
I’ve spent 40 years banging my head against hard walls – it is going to be nice to stop, or at least introduce a bit of padding!